Revelation Chapter Fifteen
1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.
in heaven now that all the believers are translated into heaven
(Revelation 14:14-16), God prepares to send His wrath upon the condemned upon earth.
seven angels represents the redeemed (Revelation 1:20) compare (Revelation 15:6-7) with (Revelation 19:8). Believers are now in the image of Jesus (1 John 3:2) (Philippians 3:21)
having the seven last plagues the redeemed participate with Jesus, administering God's wrath upon all the wicked (Daniel 7:22)
(1 Corinthians 6:2)
Note: We can conclude that the "seven angels" are the redeemed by an examination of Revelation chapter 21 and 22. In (Revelation 21:9-10), we again encounter one of these angels. After the angel describes the beauties of heaven, John is so impressed that he wants to worship the angel. The angel then discloses that he is simply another believer, of thy brethren the prophets (Revelation 22:9).
2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.
sea of glass/mingled with fire we see this sea of glass in (Revelation 4:6) described as "like unto crystal". Here it is seen mingled with fire. In (Revelation 13:1), we stated the possibility that the sand represented believers. If God's refining fire is applied to sand, it world turn it into a sea of glass. In conclusion, we see the process of the refining work of God on the believers, and the finished result we see in (Revelation 4:6). When we think of crystal, we think of clarity (Revelation 21:11) (Revelation 21:18) (Revelation 22:1), which represents the purity of God's refining work on believers, which make up the Heavenly City, New Jerusalem in Revelation Chapter 21. See also (Exodus 24:10).
and them that had gotten the victory over the beast etc... "and them" seems to indicate a separate group of the redeemed if our previous
conclusion is correct. This would be those who had come out of the great Tribulation. There way of victory we have described in
stand on the sea of glass all the redeemed standing together, built upon the spiritual Household of God.
harps of God See notes on Revelation 14:2
3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.
song of Moses emphasis on salvation and judgement (Exodus 15:1) (Exodus 15:3) (Deuteronomy 32:2-4) (Deuteronomy 32:10-14) (Deuteronomy 32:24-25) (Deuteronomy 32:36) (Deuteronomy 32:41)
song of the Lamb also puts emphasis on salvation and judgement. See study notes on Revelation 5:9 and Revelation 14:3. Both contain the full story of the gospel. All that God has planned has come to pass. God's last day judgement displays His absolute sovereignty (Exodus 15:18). For the complete Songs of Moses see (Exodus 15:1-19), (Deuteronomy 32:1-43).
all nations/worship before three (Romans 14:11) (Philippians 2:9-11)
5 And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened:
temple/opened see occurrence we had in (Revelation 11:18-19). Here we see the preparation of the wrath of God to be administered upon the earth.
6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their breasts girded with golden girdles.
clothes in pure white linen/golden girdles evidence that the seven angels represent the redeemed in the image of Christ (Revelation 1:13) also see notes on Revelation 15:1
7 And one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever.
gave unto the seven angels evidence that the redeemed participate with Jesus, administrating God's wrath upon the wicked.
See (Revelation 15:1)
seven vials of wrath we get a full description of each vial in
Revelation chapter 16
8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.
filled with smoke the verse interprets itself, here told to be "from the glory of God and from His power"
no man was able to enter into the temple the temple refers to Jesus (Revelation 21:22) (John 2:18-22). No man is able to enter because the time of Grace has ended. No unsaved man can enter into the presence of the Glory of the Lord and live. (Exodus 33:18-23) (Isaiah 6:5-7)
till this does not mean salvation will be restored for the unsaved after the plagues have been poured out. The idea of the word "till" is that
throughout the plaques there will be no salvation, even up to the time that the final plaque has run its course. When the vial judgements are complete, all the unsaved will
be cast into the Lake of Fire
note:Read and compare (1 Kings 8:1-11) (2 Chronicles 5:1-14) with Revelation chapter 15. This could lead us into an exhaustive study, but here is some brief observations of the types and foreshadows of the manifestation of God's Eternal Spiritual Kingdom.
After God's redemption work is completed. When His tabernacle has been filled with all its holy vessels of silver, gold, etc...
(2 Timothy 2:20-21) (1 Kings 8:4) (2 Chronicles 5:1), when the multitudes that no man can number are atoned for (Revelation 7:9)
(1 Kings 8:5) (2 Chronicles 5:6), when the testimony is in view (Revelation 15:5) (1 Kings 8:9) (2 Chronicles 5:10), God administers His just wrath upon all the unbelievers (Revelation 15:8) (1 Kings 8:11)
(2 Chronicles 5:14), through the work of His priests (Revelation 1:6) who are arrayed in white linen and having harps (Revelation 15:2)
(Revelation 15:6) (2 Chronicles 5:12), as the Lord's Glory "cloud/smoke" fills the temple (Revelation 15:8) (1 Kings 8:11) (2 Chronicles 5:14).
See also (Psalm 97:1-12) (1 Kings 8:12-13) (2 Chronicles 6:1-2)